Lt. Col. Dhan Singh Thapa was an Indian Military officer well-known for receiving the Param Vir Chakra (PVC) for his strategic motion and contribution to northern Pangong Lake throughout the 1962 Sino-Indian Warfare.
Wiki / Biography
Dhan Singh Thapa was born on Tuesday April 10, 1928 (age 77; on the time of loss of life) in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. His zodiac signal was Aries. he was born in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh to a Nepalese household.
Hair shade: Black
Eye color: Black
Dad and mom
PSThapa was the daddy of Dhan Singh Thapa.
Lady and kids
Shukla Thapa is the spouse of Dhan Singh Thapa. Thapa had two daughters Madhulika Thapa and Poornima Thapa. Her daughter-in-law is Anushree Thapa. He had two daughters and a son.
Dhan Singh Thapa was labeled lieutenant-colonel on September 29, 1956 and promoted to the rank of captain on February 21, 1957. He was a part of the 1/8 GR unit and the 8 Gorkha Rifles regiment (1949). He fought the Sino-Indian Warfare in 1962. His operation was Operation Leghorn.
Dhan Singh Thapa is thought for his brave and strategic actions in opposition to the Chinese language military throughout the Sino-Indian battle in 1962. Thapa was accountable for safeguarding the airfield of Chushul (south-eastern Ladakh, well-known for the lake Pangong) with 28 troopers known as D Firm. Sirijap (a small plain space within the southern a part of the Aksai Chin area which is managed by China however claimed by India) and the Yula areas of the Himalayas have been guarded by the first Battalion. An outpost of roughly 48 sq. kilometers was created to guard Chushul Airfield. Within the meantime, 3 posts round Chushul airfield have been erected by the Chinese language navy.
Jawahar Lal Nehru’s “coverage for the long run”
In the course of the Sino-Indian declaration of battle, then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru fashioned an “superior coverage” which included strategic measures in opposition to China. The measures included the creation of a variety of small posts going through the Chinese language borders and Thapa ran one of many posts.
The rise within the actions of the Chinese language military
The First Battalion of the Indian Military arrange 3 posts across the Sirijap the place the Chinese language Military stepped up its actions in October 1962. On October 19, 1962, China exactly deployed an enormous infantry in entrance of the Indian Military and confirmed that an assault on India was imminent. Dhan Singh Thapa predicted the assault and ordered his troopers to dig quick and deep trenches.
Early within the morning at 4:30 a.m. on October 20, 1962, the Chinese language navy attacked Indian troopers with heavy artillery and mortar. Main Dhan Singh Thapa and his males had no artillery and mortar counter-support from the Indian military; because of this, Main Dhan Singh Thapa and his males set fireplace to it. The Chinese language clashed for no less than two and a half hours, and about 600 Chinese language armed forces entered India’s borders. The Chinese language military consistently attacked Indian troops with artillery which killed a number of Indian troopers. Dhan Singh Thapa and his males fired on the Chinese language invaders with mild machine weapons (LMGs) and rifles. All communications throughout the outposts and battalion with D Firm have been altered, permitting the Chinese language to strategy inside 50 meters of the Indian outpost. Indian troopers had the one choice to struggle with small arms and hand grenades to cease additional injury.
Increase troopers’ morale
Main Dhan Singh Thapa and his second in command Subedar Min Bahadur Gurung continued to maneuver from location to location, put up to put up to steadiness the positions and spirit of Indian troopers throughout the Chinese language assault. The Gorkhas attacked with hand grenades and small rifles to counter the Chinese language navy’s firebombs. Subedar Gurung was killed when he was buried underneath the bunker, which collapsed on high of him. Subedar Gurung killed a number of Chinese language troopers after breaking out of the particles of the bunker.
Main Dhan Singh Thapa was fighting the remaining seven troopers when the Chinese language navy attacked them with heavy machine weapons and bazookas. The Indian Navy entered the scene with two storm boats to search out out the standing of Sirijap 1. These boats have been despatched by the battalion headquarters. These storm ships attacked the Chinese language military; nonetheless, throughout the confrontation, one boat sank, whereas the opposite badly broken. All of the detainees on the sunk boat died, whereas the opposite boat set sail by Naik Rabilal Thapa fled.
Main Dhan Singh Thapa murdered scores of Chinese language troops in hand-to-hand fight within the deep trenches. Later, Thapa was arrested by Chinese language navy officers. The knowledge that Sirijap 1 had no survivors was given by Naik Rabilal Thapa to the Indian authorities.
Prisoner of Warfare (PoW)
The Chinese language navy captured the final three survivors of the Indian battalion as prisoners of battle (PoW) and Dhan Singh Thapa was one in every of them. Indian navy officers have declared all Indian troops to be victims of the battle. It was a lot later that Indian military officers obtained the data that Thapa and his three males have been alive and have been taken as Pow by the Chinese language navy. Nevertheless, this data was additionally introduced by Chinese language companies on the radio.
When the record of prisoners of battle was introduced over the radio by Chinese language navy officers, everybody in India was joyful and stunned to be taught that Main Dhan Singh Thapa and his three troopers have been alive. Thapa was jailed by the Chinese language navy for refusing to make statements in opposition to the Indian authorities and its navy; nonetheless, he had additionally killed many Chinese language troops. On the finish of the Sino-Indian battle in November 1962, Thapa was freed by the Chinese language military.
Param veer chakra
Later, Main Dhan Singh Thapa obtained the “Param Vir Chakra”, the very best honor of bravery in India for his brave actions on October 20, 1962. The award quotation learn:
Main Dhan Singh Thapa commanded an outpost in Ladakh. On October 20, it was attacked by the Chinese language with overwhelming power after being subjected to intensive artillery and mortar bombardment. Beneath his valiant command, the vastly outnumbered put up repelled the assault, inflicting heavy losses on the aggressors. The enemy attacked in better numbers once more after heavy artillery and mortar bombardments. Beneath the management of Main Thapa, his males repelled this assault with heavy losses to the enemy as properly. The Chinese language attacked for the third time, now with tanks to help the infantry. The put up had already suffered a lot of casualties within the two earlier assaults. Though significantly lowered in quantity, he held out till the final. When he was lastly overrun by an awesome variety of enemies, Main Thapa emerged from his trench and killed a number of enemies in shut fight earlier than lastly being overpowered by the Chinese language troopers. Main Thapa’s unwavering braveness, exceptional preventing expertise and management have been within the highest traditions of our military.
—Notification from the Gazette of India.
Certain by navy engagement
Main Dhan Singh Thapa adhered to his official duties and patriotism a lot that after he needed to attend an pressing inspection of his unit and he was not properly and couldn’t even transfer. Nevertheless, he accomplished the inspection process for his unit whereas driving the automobile himself. In actual fact, he ordered his 4 troopers to assist him attain the automobile.
On April 30, 1980, Dhan Singh Thapa retired from the Indian Military. Thapa moved to Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh, India) after his retirement. For a brief interval, Thapa was a director at Sahara Airways (Now Jet Airways (India) Ltd, an Indian worldwide airline based mostly in Mumbai, India). After his retirement, he fortunately attended nearly all capabilities of the Indian Military. Thapa attended his final Republic Day parade regardless of kidney issues.
Loss of life
Dhan Singh Thapa died on September 5, 2005 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
- There are a lot of routes devoted to Dhan Singh Thapa, named after him in Shillong, Assam and Nepal.
- In 1984, the Delivery Company of India (an Indian authorities enterprise that works underneath the aegis of the Ministry of Service provider Marine) named a freighter (an oil tanker) after the identify Thapa. This freighter was step by step stopped as in operation after having served for 25 years.
- After the loss of life of Main Dhan Singh Thapa, his statue can also be constructed on the Param Yodha Sthal in Delhi (a spot the place the busts of all 21 recipients of the “Param Vir Chakra”, India’s highest navy honor) are made. .
Details / Trivia
- He liked to play soccer, play playing cards and board video games, and watch films.
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